The Israel Museum, Jerusalem
Archaeology   Neighboring CulturesThe Greek World  
The Greek World
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Greek art evolved over thousands of years, from Prehistoric times to the end of the Hellenistic Period. It started with the Cycladic civilization and continued with Minoan and Mycenaean art. When these advanced civilizations collapsed, Greece entered a Dark Age and artistic expression declined. Revival came in the Geometric Period, when artworks started to display a strong sense of order. The next stage, the Archaic Period, saw the development of monumental architecture, pottery, sculpture, and bronzeworking techniques. The human form gradually became the most
important subject, and statues depicted an ideal that saw “man as the measure of all things.”

The Classical Period witnessed a cultural boom in all fields, with artists excelling in depicting the ideal beauty of the human form and in creating more naturalistic and organic poses.

Following the conquests of Alexander the Great, Greek culture became more eclectic and was influenced by the different cultures drawn into the Greek orbit. In the subsequent centuries, with the establishment of Roman rule, principles of Greek art remained alive and ultimately became the foundation for the culture of the entire Western world.

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